1957: Simon & Garfunkel, then calling themselves Tom & Jerry, made their first appearance on ABC TV’s dance show American Bandstand, performing their first song “Hey Schoolgirl,” which reached #54 on national Billboard charts.
1961: Bob Dylan recorded more songs for his first album for Columbia Records: “Man of Constant Sorrow,” “Pretty Peggy-O,” “See That My Grave Is Kept Clean,” “Gospel Plow,” “Freight Train Blues,” “and Highway 51 Blues.”
1963: In Britain, the Beatles second LP, With the Beatles, was released by Parlophone Records. The album features seven original compositions by John Lennon and Paul McCartney, as well as George Harrison’s first recorded solo composition, “Don’t Bother Me.” Almost immediately, the album debuted at the top of the UK chart and soon took the #1 spot from their debut album, Please Please Me, starting a 21-week run at the top.
1965: “Uptight (Everything’s Alright),” the title track from Stevie Wonder’s fifth studio LP, was released. The single reached #3 on the Billboard pop chart and was his second #1 on the R&B chart.
1967: Otis Redding recorded “(Sittin’ On) the Dock of the Bay” with producer, guitarist, and co-writer Steve Cropper at the Stax recording studio in Memphis, TN. The song was Redding’s final recorded work before his death less than three weeks later. Afterward, Cropper mixed the song at Stax Studios, adding the sound of seagulls and waves crashing to the background, just as Redding had requested, recalling the houseboat in California where Redding had started writing the song’s lyrics.
1968: The Beatles’ self-titled ninth studio album, commonly referred to as “the White Album,” was released in the UK. The double album was subsequently issued in the US three days later.
1968: “All Along the Watchower” by Bob Dylan was released as the second single from Dylan’s “John Wesley Harding” album, which had been released nearly a year earlier. Dylan’s version didn’t chart, but has since been covered by numerous musicians, most notably by Jimi Hendrix.
1969: Led Zeppelin debuted on the Billboard Hot 100 chart with “Whole Lotta Love.” The song became the group’s only to enter the top 10 on the chart, peaking at #4.
1969: Joe Cocker’s second studio album, Joe Cocker!, entered the Billboard pop chart, eventually reaching #11, his highest US chart position.
1975: The Staple Singers topped the Billboard R&B chart for the third and final time with “Let’s Do It Again.” Five weeks later the record became their last to enter the top 40 as well as their second of two #1s on the Hot 100 pop chart.
1981: In the middle of their American tour, the Rolling Stones arrived at Chicago. Long influenced by Muddy Waters and the Chicago blues, members of the band paid a visit to Buddy Guy’s club, the Checkerboard Lounge, to see the legendary Bluesman perform. It didn’t take long before Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Ronnie Wood, and Ian Stewart joined Muddy Waters on stage, soon joined by Buddy Guy, Junior Wells, and Lefty Dizz. The recorded performance was released as the live album and DVD Live at the Checkerboard Lounge, Chicago 1981 in July of 2012.
1986: The Human League scored their second of two #1 hits on the Billboard Hot 100 with “Human.”
2002: Former Doors members Ray Manzarek and Robby Kreiger announced that they were reforming the band for the first time in 27 years, replacing original drummer John Densmore with The Police’s Stewart Copeland and original frontman Jim Morrison with Ian Astbury of the Cult. The group went through a number of names: The Doors of the 21st Century, D21C, and Riders on the Storm, ultimately settling on Manzarek–Krieger. They performed Doors material exclusively until the death of Manzarek in 2013.
Jesse Colin Young, singer, songwriter, solo artist, founding member and lead singer of the Youngbloods, and founder of Ridgetop Records, was born Perry Miller in Queens, NY in 1941.
Stephen Caldwell, singer and member of the Orlons, was born in Philadelphia, PA in 1942.
Floyd Sneed, drummer for Three Dog Night, was born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada in 1942.
Aston “Family Man” Barrett, Reggae singer, songwriter, musician, and bassist with Bob Marley and the Wailers, was born in Kingston, Jamaica in 1946.
Rod Price, lead guitarist for Foghat, was born in Willesden, North London, England in 1947.
Sonny Geraci, lead singer of The Outsiders and Climax, was born Emmett Peter Geraci in Cleveland, OH in 1947.
Dennis Larden, vocalist, guitarist, and co-founder of Every Mother’s Son, was born in New York City in 1949.
Tina Weymouth, singer, songwriter, and founding member and bassist of the Talking Heads and Tom Tom Club, was born Martina Michèle Weymouth in Coronado, CA in 1950.
Steven Van Zandt, singer, songwriter, actor, disc jockey, solo artist, and guitarist and mandolinist in Bruce Springsteen’s E Street Band, was born Steven Lento in Winthrop, MA in 1950.