1966: The Who recorded “Happy Jack” at CBS Studios in London. One of the few songs composed by Pete Townshend to feature bassist John Entwistle on lead vocals, the song reached #3 on UK chart after its release three-and-a-half weeks later. The single went to #1 in Canada and #24 in US after being issued in America in mid-March the following year.
1966: The highest-charting record by the Creation, “Painter Man,” peaked in its second week on the UK singles chart at #36.
1967: “Nights in White Satin” by the Moody Blues was released. It wasn’t until the record was re-released in 1972 that it reached #9 in the UK and #2 in the US. It was the group’s highest-charting US single as well as their only #1 on the Cash Box chart. It was also the first significant chart entry by the group since “Go Now” in 1964 as well as the first chart success since their recent lineup change, in which Justin Hayward and John Lodge joined the group after the departure of vocalist Denny Laine. On the same day, the group’s second album from which the single came, Days of Future Passed, was also released. While facing financial difficulties due to a lack of critical and commercial success, the Moody Blues’ label, Deram Records, offered the band the chance to record a stereo album that combined their music with an orchestra. The resulting fusion has since been considered one of the first examples of progressive rock. The concept LP reached #27 in the UK and made it to #3 on the Billboard pop chart in the US.
1971: “Day after Day” by Badfinger was released in US before its release in the UK in mid-January of 1972. The lead single from the group’s third LP, Straight Up, the song was the group’s last top 10 hit on the Billboard chart in the US, reaching #4, as well as their last top 10 in the US, where it reached #10.
1973: Elton John’s seventh studio album, Goodbye Yellow Brick Road, hit #1 in the US. The album stayed in the top spot through the rest of the year and spent of total of 111 weeks on the chart.
1973: “Rock On” by David Essex entered the Billboard Hot 100, on it’s way to reaching #5. After already reaching #3 in UK in September, it later hit #1 in Canada the following March. Essex’s first major single, it was his first of ten top 10 hits in the UK, but his only top 40 hit on in the US.
1973: “Living for the City” by Stevie Wonder, from his recently released Innervisions album, entered the Billboard Hot 100, eventually peaking at #8 on the pop chart and #1 on the R&B chart. Wonder played all the instruments on the track and it is regarded as one of the first soul music songs to deal explicitly with systemic racism in the United States.
1973: Former Temptations vocalist Eddie Kendricks went to #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 for the first and only time with “Keep on Truckin’.” The record was also his first of three chart-topping hits on the R&B chart.
1978: Give ‘Em Enough Rope, the second album recorded by the Clash, was released in the UK, later peaking at #2. The album was their first released in the US, which was then followed by the US release of their debut album.
1979: The Eagles had their fifth and final chart-topping hit on the Billboard Hot 100 with “Heartache Tonight.”
Ennio Morricone, composer of over 400 scores for cinema and television and over 100 classical works, was born in Rome, Italy in 1928.
Bobby Rush, blues, soul, R&B, and funk musician, composer and singer, was born in Homer, AL in 1933.
Screaming Lord Sutch, singer who worked with artists that included Keith Moon, Jeff Beck, Jimmy Page, Ritchie Blackmore, Charlie Watts, and Nicky Hopkins, was born David Edward Sutch in Hampstead, London, England in 1940.
Tim Rice, author and lyricist who collaborated with Andrew Lloyd Webber on such musicals as Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat, Jesus Christ Superstar, and Evita, who also worked on many other film and theater projects, including his work with Elton John on the Lion King and Aida, was born in Shardeloes, Buckinghamshire, England in 1944.
Dave Loggins. singer-songwriter and musician, was born in Mountain City, TN in 1947.
Glen Buxton, guitarist for Alice Cooper, was born in Akron, OH in 1947.
Greg Lake, bassist, guitarist, singer, songwriter, and founding member of King Crimson and Emerson, Lake and Palmer, was born in Poole, Dorset, England in 1947.
Bram Tchaikovsky, guitarist and vocalist with the Motors who later lead an eponymous group, was born Peter Bramall in Lincolnshire, England in 1950.